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Lake Profile


General Information

Description The oldest stone tools in the world have been found along the shores of Lake Kivu.
Country Congo (Democratic Republic)
Latitude -2° 13' 12" (-2.2200)
Longitude 29° 10' 0" (29.1667)


 Largest Lakes of the World by Volume (LakeNet Explorer 2004)
 Africa Lake Biodiversity Conservation Priorities 2003

Physical Characteristics

Description Kivu Lake was created by tectonic forces, but it has a relatively recent volcanic dam as well.
Volume 333.00 km3
Surface Area 2,200.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 240.0 m
Maximum depth: 480.0 m
Origin Tectonic
Type Permanent


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management


Biodiversity Conservation

Description Lake Kivu has 32 species of fish, 16 of which are endemic.
Designations LakeNet Biodiversity Priority
WWF Global 200
Species of Concern



Biodiversity Conservation of the World's Lakes: A Preliminary Framework for Identifying Priorities
ILEC Database


11/6/2009 - Deadly Gas Flows Add to Lake Kivu's List of Perils
2/28/2003 - Rwandan lake bubbling with potential energy
1/21/2002 - Congo volcanic lava flowing into Lake Kivu: impact on lake drinking water
1/21/2002 - Congo volcano:  impact on lake wildlife

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
Duker, L. and L. Borre. 2001. Biodiversity conservation of the world's lakes: a preliminary framework for identifying priorities. LakeNet Report Series Number 2. Annapolis, Maryland USA.
International Lake Environment Committee, the United Nations Environment Program and Environment Agency, Government of Japan. 1997. World Lakes Database.

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